Indicators of the defective and temporary mediatorial character of the Levitical Covenant
Defectiveness of Levitical Covenant - the covenant of the priesthood (Neh.13.29)
Many glorious promises and descriptions. Mal .2.5-7
And ye shall know that I have sent this commandment unto you, that my covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared me, and was afraid before my name.
The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips: he walked with me in peace and equity, and did turn many away from iniquity.
For the priest’s lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
8 But ye are departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
The foundation of the Levitical covenant in Jacob’s curse, scattered and separated from the brethren by cruel religious zeal (weapons of Ħamas), their assembly blinded to His purpose, their mutual counsel divorced from His glory, not able to enter the secret of God’s plan in the revealing His glory to the Gentiles, by His appointed firstborn, by reason of their anger and self will.
Moses disobedience in the issue of circumcision of his firstborn necessitates a threat to his life.
Moses impulsive zeal leads to premature attempt at deliverance.
Moses repeatedly emphasises his demerits to act as Mediator.
Moses’ reaction by sceptical doubt based on his own weakness necessitates God’s appointment of Aaron as spokesman and head.
Aaron’s leadership in breaching of the commands even before the tablets received.
Capital crimes committed by high priest.
Necessity of the ark for the testimony, death of Aaron telescoped. Deut.10
Moses intercession accepted on the grounds of the covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, not only his own. ‘He that sins against Me his name shall be blotted out of the book’.
Capital crimes committed by high priest’s two first born sons, Nadab and Abihu.
The limiting of access to Holiest of all once a year,
Failure at the first consecration of the altar, Tabernacle and priesthood in sacrifice by the third and fourth sons to atone for the people, by neglecting to eat the sin offering for the congregation. Moses accepted the failure of grounds of unworthiness.
Ordinance of Levi not Judah nor Joseph as the substitutionary firstborn for the Passover redemption.
Inadequate representation of the number of the firstborn of Israel, redemption price must be made up exactly with money.
Phineas’ atonement by which he received the ‘covenant of an everlasting priesthood’ (Num. 25.13 was not established by an act of reconciliation, but a judicial act of execution, quite apart from priestly ordinances. This act revealed the awful substitutionary character of the price of peace, but was also a shadow of the solemn act of Levitical execution to come, and the only means by which the curse of the Law could be lawfully addressed.
Moses’ disobedience leads to his strict bar from the promised land – not undone till the Messiah comes.
Ps.118 The gate of the righteous - the foundation stone scutinised closely by the builders is rejected to become the headstone of the corner.
Plus Isaiah 8.14
15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.
18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.
Isaiah suggests that Gentiles will become priests.
Isaiah refers to the abomination of priestly sacrifices (ch 1., ch 66)
Jeremiah promises the perpetuity of [the substance of] the Levitical covenant.
Zech. Joshua, the branch, the unity with the monarchy. The stone
Malachi specifically indicates the priestly covenant has been defiled.
Malachi refers to the acceptable priestly offerings of the Gentile nations.
The destruction of the Temple of Christ’s body in judgement for sin (that of His people), prophesied by Daniel.
Caiaphas was Balaam’s ass, though the ass had the prerogative of knowing the meaning of what was said, Jn.11.49-53 ‘And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all,nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not. And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation; and not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad. Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.’
Caiaphas rejection of the ‘I AM’ the very name that redeemed Israel, and resurrected Moses from accursed, living death.
Caiaphas the High Priest violates the Law by ripping his clothes in anger, symbolising the destruction of the priestly covenant of Levi and its substitution by the order of Melchizedek
(Lev. 21.10, ‘And he that is the high priest among his brethren, upon whose head the anointing oil was poured, and that is consecrated to put on the garments, shall not uncover his head, nor rend his clothes’, Lev. 10.6 indicates the command was also applied to the High Priest’s sons even when their own brothers had been executed by God for disobedience.)
The tearing of the veil of partition – the separator, the middle wall of partition.
For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled them in condemning him.
1 ¶ Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
2 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner’s fire, and like fullers’ soap:
3 And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
4 Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as in the days of old, and as in former years.
Jer. 33. Perpetuality
20 Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;
21 Then may also my covenant [singular] be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.
22 As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.
23 Moreover the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying,
24 Considerest thou not what this people have spoken, saying, The two families which the LORD hath chosen, he hath even cast them off? thus they have despised my people, that they should be no more a nation before them.
25 Thus saith the LORD; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth;
26 Then will I cast
away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, so that I will not take
his seed to be rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I
cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.
Ex 40:15 And thou shalt anoint them, as thou
didst anoint their father, that they may minister unto me in the
priest’s office: for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting
priesthood throughout their generations.
Acts.13.38 Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:
39 And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.
40 Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, which is spoken of in the prophets;
41 Behold, ye
despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work in your days, a
ye shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you.
Exodus 19:6, and Isaiah 61:6 Priests of the Lord -
non Levitical priests too. Levi a clear example - which was better -
under the Law to become a Levite or perhaps a priest or to have his
sins washed away, his heart changed and his life transformed by
Yehoshua the Messiah?